Embracing New Technologies in Renewable Energy

Embracing New Technologies in Renewable Energy

Solar Thermal Systems

Types of Solar Thermal Panels:

  1. Flat Plate Collectors: These are characterised by their flat, smooth appearance and are similar to photovoltaic (PV) panels. They consist of a dark flat-plate absorber, a transparent cover that minimises heat loss, and insulation to preserve heat. Fluid within the panels absorbs the heat, which is then transferred to the water in a storage cylinder.
  2. Evacuated Tube Collectors: More efficient than flat plate collectors, these feature clear glass tubes containing another tube inside. The design uses a vacuum as an insulator to keep the heat trapped between the inner and outer tubes, enhancing the system’s efficiency.

Photovoltaic (PV) Systems

Characteristics of PV Systems:

  • Typically consists of 12 to 16 panels.
  • Can be roof-mounted, ground-mounted, or installed on buildings like garages.
  • New installations may include PV tiles that integrate into the roof, replacing conventional tiles.

Hybrid PV/T Systems

Additional Renewable Technologies

  1. PV Diverters and Battery Storage: PV diverters redirect excess electricity from PV panels to heat water, enhancing the system’s utility. Battery storage systems store surplus electricity, providing power during peak times or when sunlight is not available.
  2. Small-Scale Hydro Systems: These are ideal for properties with access to flowing water. They convert the kinetic energy of water into electricity, capable of powering large homes or small community setups.

Software Integration and Assessment

Final Thoughts